The JIVE project (Joint Initiative for hydrogen Vehicles across Europe) is an FCH2 JU funded project deploying 144 zero emission fuel cell buses across five member states, the first deployment of this scale across Europe. JIVE will run for six years from January 2017. The overall objective of JIVE is to advance the commercialisation of hydrogen fuel cell buses through large-scale deployment of vehicles and infrastructure so that by the end of the project (early 2020s) fuel cell buses are commercially viable for bus operators to include in their fleets without subsidy and that local and national Governments feel empowered to regulate for zero emission propulsion for their public transport systems. JIVE will introduce new fleets of fuel cell buses into urban and regional bus operations at a scale never before attempted.
This will be made possible by multiple cities and regions collaborating in joint procurement processes, allowing large orders to be placed with single bus suppliers. The procurement activities are organised into three clusters and by clustering geographically, it is possible to provide common specifications for the buses, which is essential to unlock the economies of scale. JIVE involves 22 partners, of which the regions and cities of Köln, Wuppertal, Rhein-Main (Germany), London, Birmingham, Dundee, Aberdeen (United Kingdom), South Tyrol (Italy), Riga (Latvia) and Slagelse (Denmark). Hydrogen Europe is leading the dissemination activities of the project.
The JIVE project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking (FCH2 JU) under grant agreement No 735582 (JIVE). This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and Hydrogen Europe and N.ERGHY.
The hydrogen fuel cell (FC) bus is one of very few options for the elimination of harmful local emissions and the decarbonisation of public transport. Its performance has been validated in Europe in recent years through various demonstration projects, however, a number of actions are required to allow the commercialisation of FC buses. These include addressing the high ownership costs relative to conventional buses, ensuring the FC buses can meet the high availability levels demanded by public transport, developing the refuelling infrastructure to provide reliable, low-cost hydrogen and improving the understanding of the potential of FC buses for zero emission public transport.
JIVE will pave the way to commercialisation by addressing these issues through the deployment of 142 fuel cell buses across 9 locations, more than doubling the number of FC buses operating in Europe. JIVE will use coordinated procurement activities to unlock the economies of scale which are required to reduce the cost of the buses. They will operate in large fleets of 10-30 buses, reducing the overhead costs per bus, as well as allowing more efficient supply chains and maintenance operations compared to previous deployments. By working at this scale and with bus OEMs with proven vehicles, JIVE will ensure reliability at the level required for commercialisation.
JIVE will also test new hydrogen refuelling stations with the required capacity to serve fleets in excess of 20 buses. This will not only reduce the costs of hydrogen and increase the availability of equipment but will also test the ability to offer >99% reliability, which is required for the commercialisation of FC buses.
A dissemination campaign will use the project results to demonstrate the technical readiness of FC buses to bus operators and the economic viability of hydrogen as a zero emission bus fuel to policy makers will help to catalyse the future development and expansion of the hydrogen bus sector
Participants in the consortium
|Element Energy Limited||United Kingdom|
|Aberdeen City Council||United Kingdom|
|Birmingham City Council||United Kingdom|
|Dundee City Council||United Kingdom|
|Ee Energy Engineers Gmbh||Germany|
|Fondazione Bruno Kessler||Italy|
|Hycologne - Wasserstoff Region Rheinland E.V.||Germany|
|London Bus Services Limited||United Kingdom|
|West Midlands Travel Limited||United Kingdom|
|Planet Planungsgruppe Energie Und Technik Gbr||Germany|
|Rebelgroup Advisory Bv||Netherlands|
|Rigas Satiksme Sia||Latvia|
|Regionalverkehr Koln Gmbh||Germany|
|Suedtiroler Transportstrukturen Ag||Italy|
|Trentino Trasporti Spa||Italy|
|Union Internationale Des Transports Publics||Belgium|
|Verkehrs-Verbund Mainz-Wiesbaden Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung||Germany|
|Wsw Mobil Gmbh||Germany|
- EU CORDIS project database: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/208049_en.html