The Innovation pillar of Hydrogen Europe is organised into five technical committees, gathering industry and research members. This organisation is valid for Horizon 2020 (FCH2-JU, 2014-20) and will be redesigned shortly as part of Horizon Europe (Clean Hydrogen for Europe, 2021-28).
TC1 Fuel Cells for Vehicles
TC1 focuses on fuel cell and hydrogen tank technology (including diagnostics, stack, FC system, tank system, etc.) as well as demonstrations of passenger cars, buses, off-road vehicles and machinery, forklifts, APUs for road, maritime and aviation, trains, etc. The Application/Technology Areas span all transport modes. H2FC propulsion, range extenders and APU systems are relevant for road transport including passenger cars, buses, delivery vans and trucks, rail including tramways, regional trains, and shunt locomotives as well as maritime and aeronautical applications.
Industry Leader: Marcus Newborough, ITM Power
Research Leader: Luigi Crema, FBK
TC2 Transport Infrastructure
TC2 focuses on hydrogen refuelling stations (HRS) and components. HRSs serve fuel cell transport markets. The need for building up a sufficiently dense network of HRS is thus driven by the market introduction of fuel cell vehicles. HRS network build-up and FC vehicle roll-out need to be synchronized for economic effectiveness and efficiency. However, the build-up of a public HRS network supporting non-fleet vehicles needs to precede the broad market introduction of vehicles to a certain extent in order to provide certainty of hydrogen availability to the vehicle owners. The HRS may receive hydrogen by road, or they may include onsite hydrogen production, notably through electrolysis or methane reforming. In cases where hydrogen pipelines are in the vicinity a hook-up can be thought of. Thus, HRS have a number of different component technologies such as hydrogen compressors, hydrogen storage tanks, metering and dispensing units, potentially hydrogen generation technology, etc. As a consequence, both component technologies and integrated systems are of importance for this TC.
Industry Leader: Jean-Claude Joyeux, Air Liquide
Research Leader: Ekain Fernandez, Tecnalia
TC3 Energy to Hydrogen
TC3 focuses on the production of hydrogen from renewable electricity from grid balancing and on H2 Production with low CO2 footprint from other resources as well as H2 storage, handling and distribution. Hydrogen production from electricity includes low-temperature alkaline and PEM electrolyser technologies as well as high-temperature SOEC electrolysers. The latter are developed either as pure electrolysers, or as reversible electrolyser/fuel cell units allowing for hydrogen production or electricity production in the same unit. Alternatively, power-to-power (P2P) systems for electricity storage using hydrogen include an electrolyser and a fuel cell or a gas turbine operating on hydrogen or hydrogen mixtures. Other renewable H2 generation technologies include the direct production from sunlight, biogas reforming, reforming of renewable liquids or solar biomass gasification.
Industry Leader: Carsten Pohlmann. Fuel Cell Powertrain
Research Leader: Steffen Møller-Holst, Sintef
TC4 Fuel Cells for Power
TC4 focuses on the residential market (<5 kW), one on the commercial market (5-400 kW) and on the industrial market (up to the MW range). The Application/Technology Areas are grouped by application according to the segments indicated above. Within these segments, different fuel cell technologies (PEMFC, SOFC, PAFC, MCFC, etc.) may be relevant, and more specific applications are defined. The residential market of small combined heat and power (CHP) appliances replacing conventional heating appliances includes PEMFC and SOFC technologies as well as monitoring, control and diagnostics components. In addition, more specific applications such as combinations with photovoltaics systems are envisioned. Monitoring, Control, Diagnostics, Prognostics (MCDP) for residential fuel cell applications has a support function to better understand the in-field behaviour of the systems, and to improve the performance on that basis. Commercial markets include CHP systems and pure power generation systems in grid-connected applications, but also in off-grid or micro-grid locations. Advanced technologies/next generation technologies are also included here.
Industry Leader: Olivier Bucheli, SolidPower
Research Leader: Cesare Pianese, Università degli Studi di Salerno
Cross-cutting issues include regulations, codes and standards (RCS), quality, safety, recycling and dismantling, education and training, as well as public awareness and acceptance.
Industry Leader: Marco Chiesa, SNAM
Research Leader: Olaf Jedicke, KIT
Currently Marcus Newborough is the Chair of the Coordination Group and Olivier Bucheli is the Deputy.